So you've found a beautiful wooden pallet, and you're ready to start your pallet project? The first step is to dismantle your pallet, do not miss our article "How To Dismantle A Wooden Pallet?" to learn several ways of doing it. If you want to give a perfect finished touch to your project, you'll have to pass through the staining process of your pallet wood. Staining and finishing pallet wood the right way can do wonders for your pallet repurposed project, here are some wood staining tips that you’ll find useful if you are a beginner.
Here is some information on types of stains.
Surface Stains: These fast-drying water-based stains do not penetrate deeper than the first layer of wood cells. They are perfect for use on wood trims, frames, and logs, and spindles, railings, and wood-sided homes.
Shallow Penetrating Stains: Oil-based stains, alkyd dispersion stains, and water-oil emulsions penetrate up to four layers deep and offer excellent water-repellent properties. Quality brands will provide superior longevity and will wear evenly if applied correctly.
Deep Penetrating Stains: These are oil-based and penetrate about ½” deep into the wood. These stains don’t tend to flake like the others as there is no surface film created during or after application. However, they do leave behind an oily residue.
Choose the Right Stain:
Choosing the right stain for your pallet project is important if you want finished project to make the "wow" effect. Choosing stains are not just about picking a color you like from the color chart - a light brown stain might look pinkish if you use it on redwood! So be sure to test the stain on a sample pallet or inconspicuous area before applying it all over your project.
By the way, here are the main "natural colors" you can find:
You’ll also have to ensure that the stain you choose is compatible with the wood and other finishing products. A stain that is compatible with wood preservatives, sealants, and top finish will allow greater bonding and keep the finished project intact for years to come.
Prepare the Pallet
Preparing the pallet wood before staining it will ensure proper application and a long-lasting stain. Keep these pointers in mind while preparing the pallet wood for staining. If you’re planning to stain your pallet with a dark brown color to create contrast with your all-white closet, you’ll need to sand them first. Remember to sand with the grain so as to not scratch the surface. Use a tack cloth to remove dust as you sand the pallet wood. If the dust settles in the pores, it can lead to your stain looking uneven and blotchy. Apply a wood conditioner to help the wood absorb stain evenly. Make sure that the wood is completely dry before you begin staining it. Applying stain on humid pallet wood will cause it to flake off. Also, avoid staining on humid days.
Use a light coat first so that you don’t end up staining heavily. If the stain is too light, you can always go for a second coat.
The stain that has been sedentary for too long can become thick and lead to uneven application. Keep a compatible thinner handy to reduce viscosity and ensure a smooth application.
Finish with a Top Coat
Wood stains can give your project a rich, deep color and also highlight the grain of the wood. But stains can’t provide long-term protection to your pallet project! Once you achieve the desired stain, apply a clear top coat to protect the wood from water damage, scratches, and stains.
There are several finishing options to choose from and depending on what you choose; you can get varied results. Polyurethane is most commonly used as a top coat owing to its durability.
Pallet wood has long been used for repurposed projects and is a favorite with DIYers around the world. Working with pallet wood indeed requires some special skills, so if you’re a first-timer, learning the basics before you begin will certainly be helpful.
There’s a lot to this art that includes cutting, sanding, polishing, and more. While staining and finishing projects seem like an easy job, you now know that there are several things to consider before you buy a stain and get on with staining wood.
With the tips given here, you will certainly be able to go about staining your pallet project the right way. So plan well and get on with the staining and if you want more tips, you can read our article "17 Things You Need To Know Before Painting A Wooden Pallet".